Article reading time: 11 min
Book reading time: 3 hours and 22 min
Will it Fly is a book meant to help you test your business idea before you start building it. This good was a good book, detailed, interesting. 8/10
Failure when building products come from two things: making money over serving people AND rushing into it. So don’t rush. Haste almost always ends up costing you time and money.
To really know if a business idea is going to work in real life, interest from potential customer is not enough. You need a transaction (someone paying you money for the product/service, or at least, pre-ordering).
Vision without action is a daydream. Action without vision is a nightmare.
Entrepreneurship is much more than just products and services. This is why investors increasingly focus on people that make the product, and less on the product itself.
It’s when your business idea supports your lifestyle goal that it becomes worth exploring more. As such, you should only build businesses that fit your desired lifestyle. Looking at how your idea will support your market means nothing if the idea doesn’t support you first. As such, this is the first test you will pass to see if your idea will fly.
It’s called the airport test.
Part 1: Three Tests to Test Yourself
The Airport Test
Imagine you are at the airport 5 years from now and you are living your best life. How does this life look like? What do you?
Suddenly, someone taps on your shoulder, and you recognize an old friend.
“How is it going, he asks.
– Amazing, you answer. Here’s why. My business, which your business is amazing because…”.
If your business idea does not support the amazing life you have five years from now, don’t do it. If it does support you…then that’s the first positive sign.
How to do the airport test exercise:
Take a sheet of paper, fold it into two parts to make four rectangles. Each of these represents one category in your life. You need to find out the four most important categories in your life. These are the four most important things.
The author’s categories are finances, health, family, professional. Find yours.
Write them down at the top of the sheet. Now write down as many things as you can in these four categories that would be happening in five years so that your life is amazing.
That’s your life. How does the business idea that you have fits with this ideal life?
The History Test
In this test, you will write down on a sheet of paper all of the jobs you have had since your very first one. We will find out about the patterns that will tell us about the things you like, and the things you don’t.
STEP 1: The what: write down the first job you got.
STEP 2: The when: write down when you did it
STEP 3: The good: write down three things you enjoyed about doing that?
STEP 4: Your favorite memory: write it down
STEP 5: The bad: what didn’t you like about it?
STEP 6: Grade it based on what you wrote above.
Do this exercise for two or three more experiences you have done.
Now, take a look and see if you can identify any patterns in what you liked or didn’t like.
Then ask yourself these questions:
1. What one or two things seem to motivate you the most about the work that you do?
2. How much is your answer to the question above reflected in what you do now?
3. How can your future business be shaped into one that allows you to enjoy your work and continue to stay motivated?
The Shark Bait Test
Imagine you go to Shark Tank. One of the judges asks you “I can hire someone to do what you do. So why should I be going with you? What makes you special?”
Think about your unfair advantage, that thing you can do but that not many people can do.
Building a successful business is no longer about B2B or B2C, but about P2P: person-to-person.
Part 2: Tests To Test Your Idea
Let’s Create A Mind Map
Take post-its and write down on each post-it as many ideas as possible related to your business idea. For example, if your business idea is a restaurant, write “pizzeria”, “classic decoration”, “San Pellegrino”, etc.
Once it’s done, group ideas with each other so that they go together in the same group.
Then, take off the bad and low quality ideas.
Now, looking at the rest of the post-its that you have, summarize in one sentence what you are trying to do. If you can’t do one sentence, summarize your idea in one page (400-500 words). Then make one paragraph out of this. Then one sentence.
Then go into the world, and have conversations about your idea with as many people as possible.
Negative feedback is part of the process. It’s the universe testing you to see if you cut out for your idea. As long as you don’t stop, you are cut out.
How to get someone to give you feedback for your idea: go to Starbucks; buy coffee to whoever is in the line with you if they agree to have a short conversation about your idea in exchange.
Part 3: Tests To Test Your Audience
The riches are the niches. Don’t go change everyone’s world. Change one person’s world. Then grow it from there on.
The more you narrow your niche, the more you can serve your customers, the more they will connect with you, the less competition you will have.
Ever heard the saying “think outside of the box”. Well, to do that, you must first conceptualize the box. In our case, you need to understand the market you are into (the companies, people, problems and services that are there, or, “the box”).
To do that, we will make a market map.
When people make a market map, they usually quit on their idea afterwards for two reasons: first, they are afraid to fail. Second, they realize someone else is already doing what they intended to do. This is not a problem! In fact, it’s great! Someone has already done the heavy lifting for you.
Creating A Market Map
A market map rests on the three “Ps”:
– Product: the products/services sold in the market you are focused on.
– People: your target
– Places: where your target hangs out online.
Open Google Sheet or Excel. Make three spreadsheets: one for Products, one for People, and one for Places. Each spreadsheet should have three columns “Name, Web Address, and Notes”.
Places: Where Your Customers Hang Out
Find the top blogs in your niche. That enables you to access communities, the owner of the site, and if it’s up to date, you know what’s hot, and what’s not in the market.
To filter for blog, search specifically in Google for “blog: whateveryournicheis”.
Fill up the interesting blogs in your spreadsheet.
Now, look for forums.
Now, look for groups on social media, like Fb, Linkedin, IG, and Reddit.
People: Influencers, Entrepreneurs, Etc
Look at the top social media profile (Fb, Twitter, IG, Youtube, iTunes) of people present in your niche.
If you intend on becoming one of those people, Twitter is best to start with on social media because you can build an audience much faster than otherwise. Use Twitter advanced search options to find more interesting people, or what people are talking about.
Afterwards, look for podcasts on Spotify, Sitcher, iTunes, etc.
Products: Products, Services, And Books That Exist In Your Niche
To find products in your niche, type your keywords in the first commercial search engine: Amazon. Write it down in your spreadsheets. Also, look at the books, and write down the name of the authors in the People spreadsheet.
Make sure that the top products are actually good by searching for reviews in the forums you took notes of.
If you can’t find anything, type in your keyword into Google and look at the products advertised in the search page.
The Customer P.L.A.N.
The ironic part about building a successful business for yourself is that it isn’t about you at all. It’s about your customers.
Your customer plan is your customer avatar. It is broken down into four sections: Problems, language, Anecdotes, and Needs.
Get an excel sheet and make four columns.
A business is a solution to a problem. The better you handle the pain, the more successful you are. When you extract the pain directly to fix it (not realizing an idea you have but instead looking for a problem in the world and fix it), the marketing handles itself…by itself.
The best to identify problems is to talk directly to your potential customers. Ask them the following questions:
– What are you frustrated about?
– If you had a magic wand and could change something related to your business, what would it be?
– What are the problems costing you the most at the moment?
– What takes you the most time?
– Do you use anything that already helps you with it? What do you like about it? And what don’t you like?
– What is something you have to do all over again all the time?
If you can’t talk to people one-to-one, do surveys. Read the book “ask” by Ryan Levesque.
Create a survey and send it to people you collected the address email from (search on the internet for email addresses of potential customers). Try to send the survey to about 250 people.
Send a first email. After a week, send a reminder to people that did not respond.
As you collect answers from people, add important words to the “language” column of the spreadsheet.
The words they use to share their pain and struggle, aspirations, and goals. The three types of words you should focus on are:
- Questions: what questions are they asking? You can find that out on forums. Google can actually search exclusively in that forum. If you are searching for problems for examples, you can just search for the keyword “problems”, only in the website you decide to search in. Type in the Google search bar:
Record the questions people are asking in the spreadsheet.
- Complaints: what are they complaining about? You can search for complaints in forums, or in blogs through Google. Or also on Amazon, in the reviews section.
- Keywords: what are the keywords they are using? To find keywords, you can use keywords finding tools, or you can simply search for the keyword on Google. To do so, do a Google search, then go down the page, and see Google’s proposed “related search”.
Anectodes are common stories your customers go through. When you understand these stories, you understand your customers.
The best way to get stories is to askpeople to tell you directly. Otherwise, you can search with Google in forums, with these keywords in the search bar:
“tell you a story”
“one time I was”
“I remember when”
“share a story”
“happened to me”
“I figured it out”
Another way is to listen to podcasts.
Now that your market research has been thorough, you can finally take care of the needs. Write all of the needs you have identified down in your column.
To solve needs, you need elixirs, which are the solutions to the needs.
Add into your sheet another column called “elixir”, and solve all of the problems and needs you have encountered.
Now, choose one problem to fix. Just one. You can’t fix everything at the same time, so just choose one problem/need to fix. If you can’t, then first eliminate the problems that don’t seem exciting enough to fix, and end with the best ones. It’s important you choose one problem, not three or four.
Once you got your idea, sit on it for a day. Then conduct a second mind-mapping. After ten minutes, remove whatever doesn’t fix the problem you chose.
Then do the whole one page, one paragraph, one sentence thing again.
Part 4: Flight Simulator or How to Make Sure Your Idea Will Work
Don’t build a business based on people telling you they’d use what you make. You need to SELL them the solution first – as it is the ultimate proof. What people say and do is completely different, so listen to others, sure, but TRUST the numbers – the sales.
Before actually building your product, you need to get some sales or at least, some pre-orders. Set up a landing page, some Google or Fb ads, and sell your service/product. If you don’t have it yet, refund people when they buy (because you have nothing to sell them) and track all of your numbers (people that clicked on your ad, people that bought, etc).
“If you build it, they will come” is a fantasy. You need to build AFTER they came.
So, here’s how validation works:
Step 1: Get in front of an audience
Step 2: Hyper-target
Step 3: Interact and share your solution
Step 4 Ask for the transaction
Step 1: Audience
Have an email list. If you don’t have an email list, then do targeted ads (Google ads, FB ads, IG ads, YT ads, etc).
The next idea is to place an ad on a website where you know your target hangs out (you already have the list).
The next idea is to guest post (writing a post on a blog that isn’t yours), providing value for the people who have the problem you hope to fix. Or you can write a post on a forum, or in Fb and Linkedin groups. You can also get speaking gigs at conferences.
Finally, you can also use a crowdfunding platform.
Step 2: Hyper-Target
Now that you are in front of your audience, you need to identify who needs your product.
A comment on your blog post usually is proof someone is interested. A click on a link is another one. Getting people to download something, subscribing, etc are manifestations of someone’s interest.
Step 3: Interact And Share Your Solution
Once you found the people willing to buy, you can interact with them and see if they’d be likely to buy whatever that is you want to build and sell. Here’s how, from most effective, to least effective:
– Ask n person
– Ask in a video call
– A phone call
– A private message
– A direct one-on-one email
If you have an audience:
– Organize a live stream or webinar with chat functionality. Give value for 30 minutes, then open a registration form where people can pre-order or buy your product.
– A live stream or webinar without chat functionality
– An email broadcast
– A web page with an explainer video
– A web page with text and images only
Before you present your idea, there are three things you need to do first:
1. Get to know whoever you are asking first. People love to talk about themselves.
2. Qualify yourself.
3. Be honest about the outcome: you want their honest feedback about a solution you are working on that could solve their problems and that you are willing to pre-sell.
Step 4: Ask For the Transaction
Once you have people verbally telling you they are interested, then it’s time to see if they’d like to buy.
If you’re doing Step 3 face-to-face, collect the email of the person and send them an email where they can pre-order the product (use Gumroad or Celery for pre-orders). If you are doing so in a webinar, open a registration page. If you got emails through an email list, then send them the link with your landing page, or whatever you are using to get people to pay.
It’s not easy to ask people for money. As such, you need to explain to them that you really want to build that solution/product but you need to make sure people actually need it first. You need to make sure they didn’t say “yes, it’s nice” out of politeness, so you are asking for a minimum number of X pre-sales before you build.
Let people know that if you don’t get enough pre-sales, people won’t be charged.
How to collect pre-orders?
Use Gumroad. celery (trycelery.com) is another platform you can use. Always keep in contact with people that pre-ordered, send them weekly or bi-weekly emails.
Your minimum sign-up rate should be 10%. If you talk to a hundred people, you should get 10 pre-orders or orders.
1. Split your project into smaller parts. It’s nicer for your mental to complete 100% of a chapter instead of 10% of a book.
2. Get help: hire people when you need to
3. Treat your customers like gold
4. Remember why you do all this
5. Enjoy the ride
It’s important to highlight that if you start with an initial idea, then you should do all of the steps as highlighted in the book to test it.
However there is a better and easier way to build a business: don’t invent the idea, go get it directly. Ask people about their problems, look on the Internet for pains in various industries, etc.
When people have a problem and you come up with a solution direcly, you won’t have to make much effort to sell your product.
Did you enjoy the summary? Then buy the book, or find Pat Flynn on his blog.
For more summaries, head to auresnotes.com.